Sixth Battle of the Isonzo: 6 August-17 August 1916
The Sixth Battle of the Isonzo is known as the successful Italian offensive in the World War I. The Battle of Gorizia is the second name for the Sixth Battle of the Isonzo. It was fought between the Kingdom of Italy and Austria-Hungary. The Italian army was led by Luigi Cadorna. He had at disposal 22 divisions. On the other side, Austrio-Hungary forces were led by Svetozar Boroević. He had at disposal 9 divisions.
The offensive against Gorizia begun on 6 August. The Battle of the Isonzo was divided into 2 zones. The area west of the Isonzo River, near Doberdò del Lago. In this zone, Italians conquered the road that connected Duino and Gorizia. This meant that they have secured the advance to the south of Gorizia. The Austro-Hungarian forces had to retreat. They left heavily ruined towns to Italians. Gorizia fell to Cadorna on 8 August. Then, the bridge was established across the Isonzo River. The offensive was ended on 17 August.
The attack on Gorizia had an important effect on Italian morale. The city was promoted as an important objective that was unreachable in previous offensives. On 28 August, Italy official declared the war against Germany.
Many historians believe that the Battle of Isonzo was useless. The Italians had severe losses. They lost 21.000 soldiers. In the reality, the Austrians had to retreat to Slovene territory, because they had less soldiers (they fought on two fronts). The Italians scarified many soldiers in order to advance toward Trieste and Ljubljana. Their generals used frontal assaults that were usually very deadly. On the other side, Austrians were better equipped and they tried to preserve as many soldiers as they could. They lost 41.835 soldiers.