Battle of Romani: 3–5 August 1916
The Battle of Romani was fought between 3 and 5 August 1916. It was the last attack of the Central Powers at the beginning of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign. The location of the battle was near Romani, a town in Egypt. The Anzac Mounted Division of the EEF (Egyptian Expeditionary Force) and the 52nd (Lowland) Division won the battle. On the other side, Germany and Ottomans lost. This was the end of the Defense of the Suez Canal campaign (İkinci Kanal Harekâtı or Offensive zur Eroberung des Suezkanals). This battle is known because it was the first British victory over the Ottoman Empire.
After the German and Ottoman’s attack on the British forces in the region, the Britain doubled their forces. They even constructed the railway and water pipeline. Then, infantry division was able to join the rest of the forces in Romani.
The Battle of Romani was the first victory for the British Empire, when their allies were losing on all fronts. It also meant that Egypt restored integrity and security. This battle also changed the flow of the World War I.
The British had a series of successful attacks that defeated between 16.000 and 18.000 German, Ottoman and Austrian soldiers. More than half of them were killed or wounded. 4.000 were captured. The British also captured: 9 machine guns, 4 heavy guns, 2.000 rifles and more than a million rounds of ammunition. They also captured two field hospitals with instruments and drugs. The British lost 1.300 soldiers in these military actions. The Germans lost between 6.000 and 9.000 soldiers, despite their forces were bigger.