Battle of Pozières: 23 July – 3 September 1916
The Battle of Pozières was fought for the village of Pozières and a surrounding ridge. It was fought during the Battle of the Somme in the World War I. The British forces had an important role in this battle, but it is best known as Australian battle. This was the British victory. However, both sides had massive losses.
After the battle, General Gough had a plan to move his forces behind the fortress of Thiepval that was controlled by the Germans. But, after this battle, they moved forces towards the Mouquet Farm that also was controlled by the Germans. Australian divisions, 1st and 2nd Divisions, were called again. As usual, they were supported by the 4th Division. When they ended their engagement in September, they were replaced by the Canadian Corps, who will hold this area until the Somme fighting. The Canadian start line became O.G. Lines that was located east of the village.
After this battle General Birdwood lost his popularity due to poor commandment. Australian forces refuse him as a leader of future military engagement. The Australians lost the same number of soldiers in the Battle of Pozières as they did in the whole Gallipoli Campaign. One British historian said that Australians lost this number of soldiers because their inexperience.
In the Battle of Pozières, the 48th Division lost 2.844 soldiers between 16 and 28 July. They lost additional 2.505 from 13 August. The 1st Australian Division had more severe losses. They lost 7.700 soldiers. The 2nd Australian Division lost 8.100 soldiers. The 4th Australian Division lost 7.100 soldiers. The 12th Division lost 7.717 soldiers between 27 July and 13 August.