Battle of Lone Pine: 6-10 August 1915
The Battle of Lone Pine is also known as the Battle of Kanlı Sırt. It was fought between the Ottoman Empire and Australian army. This battle lasted from 6 to 10 August 1915. It is known as part of the Gallipoli campaign. The Battle of Lone Pine was a distraction assault that should draw the attention of the Ottoman forces from the Hill 971 and Chunuk Bair. In the first 4 hours of the battle, the Australian forces managed to capture the main trench line held by the Ottomans. However, the Ottomans got the reinforcement and they launched several counterattacks in order to re-claim the ground they lost. Australians also got the reinforcement (2 battalions). On 9 August, Ottomans stopped with their attempts and by the next day the offensive was terminated. The Australians won the battle and they held the position. But the rest of the August Offensive failed.
This battle was one of the fiercest that Australians experienced. They had many casualties, but the size of the captured ground was just 150 meters. The front was 300 meters. The commander of the battle, Walker, believed that this battle is responsible for serious losses. Higher command believed that it was a successful military action.
After the battle, 7 Australians were awarded with the Victoria Cross. All of them got the cross because their action at Lone Pine. 4 men from the 7th Battalion were also included. They rushed forward in order to help to the 1st Brigade during the Ottoman counterattacks. One of those men, who were awarded, was Corporal William Dunstan. After the war, he became the general manager, in Melbourne, of the Herald newspaper.