Battle of Delville Wood: 14 July – 3 September 1916
The Battle of Delville Wood lasted between 15 July and 3 September 1916. It was the series of military engagement in the Battle of the Somme. This battle was fought between the British Empire and the German Empire. The Commander of the British Expeditionary Force, General Douglas Haig wanted to capture the second German position between Bazentin le Petit and Delville Wood. The Battle of Delville Wood was the success for the British. However, they had severe losses. The attacks and counter-attacks lasted until the Battle of Flers–Courcelette. The 1st South African Infantry Brigade was the part of the 9th Division. This was their debut. But, they captured the Delville Wood on 15 July. They hold their position until 19 July.
When the Battle of Bazentin Ridge was over, the British wanted to make advances on both flanks in order to reach good places for the general attack. But, the Germans tried to eliminate the salient and retain the ground. During the July and August, both sides continued with their operations. However, both of them had severe losses.
The strength of the Germans on the Somme front was increased by 42 divisions. By the end of July, their losses have been increased to 160.000 soldiers. On the other side, Anglo-French losses were increased on 200.000 soldiers. Between 1 and 20 July, the 9th Division lost 7.517 soldiers. The 1st (South African) Infantry Brigade lost 2.536 soldiers. The 3rd Division lost 6.102 soldiers. The 5th Division lost 5.620 soldiers. Other divisions had similar losses.
Today, at the location of the Battle of Delville Wood is a museum, with trenches.